Almost everyone suffers from acne at some point in their lives, especially during puberty. The level of acne severity varies from one person to another, ranging from mild to severe. Regardless, acne can be a stressful condition to overcome for anyone who experiences it, impacting not only your physical health but also your mental health and well-being. This article will discuss the common causes of acne and the prescription only treatment options that are available to buy online at Smart Chemist.

What Is Acne?

Also known as acne vulgaris, acne is a skin condition that causes spots or pimples on the skin. These spots can include blackheads, whiteheads, pus-filled pustules, and even cysts. Most people often experience acne spots on their face, neck, chest, and back areas – however acne can also present in other areas of the body. Acne develops when the skin starts to produce too much sebum, an oily substance produced and secreted by sebaceous glands present throughout the skin, which acts as a natural lubricant to prevent excessive dryness. When the amount of sebum produced by these glands becomes too great, it surpasses the skins natural mechanism of breaking down and removing sebum. The excess then begins to mix with dead skin cells present on the surface of the skin. This combination of oil and skin cells results in the formation of a plug, blocking tiny hair follicles located on the skin.


The plugged follicles often result in blackheads or whiteheads. Blackheads develop from open follicles whereas whiteheads are formed from closed follicles. When these plugged follicles come in contact with bacteria, part of the naturally occurring flora on the surface of the skin, they can in turn get infected, which results in the manifestation of papules, pustules, nodules, or cysts.


What Causes Acne?

There are many possible causes of acne. However, acne is most often triggered by fluctuations in the body’s hormone levels. This explains why the majority of teenagers and young adults, whose hormonal states are in a constant state of flux (especially during puberty), are more likely to suffer from acne. Due to these hormonal changes, sebaceous glands often become over stimulated, producing excess sebum which results in the formation of acne. Other common factors which can also effect hormone levels in the body are menstruation, pregnancy, and stress. Moreover, genetics can also play a significant role in the development of acne. Some research has shown that you are more likely to suffer from moderate to severe acne if one or both of your parents were also sufferers.


What Treatments Are Available for Acne?

For mild, moderate to severe acne, the following prescription only treatments are commonly used:


– Topical retinoids: Differin (Adapalene 0.1%) and Isotretinoin

– Oral antibiotics: Tetralysal/Lymecycline and Oxytetracycline

– Topical antibiotics: Dalacin-T (Clindamycin) and Zineryt

– Keratolytics: Acnecide (Benzoyl Peroxide)

– Azelaic acid: Skinoren

– Combination products: Duac, Epiduo, Isotrexin, and Treclin.


Topical retinoids work by decreasing the amount of sebum produced by the skin and also stop the formation of plugs by preventing dead skin cells from clogging up hair follicles. Adapalene, also known as Differin 0.1% Cream is a good example of a topical retinoid. Topical treatment is often used in conjunction with oral antibiotics such as Tetralysal (Lymecycline 408mg), for the treatment of moderate to severe acne. However, for mild to moderate acne, single therapy with a topical agent is the recommended treatment option.

Combination treatments such as Duac Gel, Epiduo and Treclin are commonly prescribed to treat mild to moderate acne. They contain either a keratolytic agent or a retinoid, and an antibiotic, and are an effective method of treating acne, both reducing spots and achieving clearer looking skin.

Another alternative to benzoyl peroxide or a retinoid cream is Azelaic acid, also known as Skinoren 20% Cream. Unlike retinoids, Azelaic acid works by killing bacteria on the surface of the skin whilst also removing dead skin cells that can clog up hair follicles.

These topical acne treatments can be used on a regular basis to treat acne, however initial treatment is often limited to 12 weeks to monitor and assess results, prior to prolonged continuation.


If you suffer from acne and are looking to buy Treclin Gel online, visit our acne clinic at Smart Chemist! We are a UK registered online pharmacy, providing a safe, secure and confidential service, delivering prescription medication to your doorstep. To find out what alternative acne treatments are available to buy online at Smart Chemist, visit our acne clinic or get in touch to see how we can help.


Smart Chemist – the smart choice for your health.

Smart Chemist Logo
Smart Chemist – prescription strength treatment to aid in reducing spots and clear skin.