Cystitis, or inflammation of the bladder, is the most common form of urinary tract infection (UTI). Cystitis commonly effects women, and there is a greater prevalence in women than in men. Cystitis is usually self-limiting, and in most cases will resolve itself within a few days. Although contracting the infection does not usually pose a serious health risk, it can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort and in some cases if left untreated can result in more serious renal (kidney) complications.
Cystitis symptoms are:
Stinging burning sensation when passing urine, increased urgency and frequency of urination, change in colour of urine (dark, cloudy colour), uring with a strong odour, pain in the lower back and/or abdomen.
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What causes it?
Cystitis, or inflammation of the bladder, is most commonly caused by the presence of bacterial infection in the bladder. This is thought to occur as a result of commonly occurring bacteria present on the body entering into the bladder through the urethra. Although it is not always apparent as to why this occurs, there are a number of factors which are thought to contribute to contraction and development of the infection. These are:
- Having sex
- Wiping your bottom from back to front after passing stools
- Using a contraceptive diaphragm
- Insertion of a tampon into the vagina or usage of urinary catheters
How does Cystitis treatment work?
Trimethoprim is an antibiotic commonly used in cystisis treatment. It is routinely prescribed when symptoms of a urinary tract infection (UTI) fail to resolve by themselves. Trimethoprim works by treating the root cause of the UTI and killing the bacteria associated with the infection. In most cases a short course (3 days) of the antibiotic is highly effective.
If you are experiencing a fever, back pain and/or vomiting, this may be a sign that the urinary infection has spread to your kidneys.In such cases you should seek urgent medical attention by contacting your GP.